What is Cervical Cancer? Signs of Cervical Cancer and Cervical Cancer Prognosis
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What is Cervical Cancer? Signs of Cervical Cancer and Cervical Cancer Prognosis

Cervical cancer is malignancy of the cervix (a component of the female genital tract); and has emerged as one of the commonest cancers that afflicts the female reproductive system. The cervical cells tend to multiply and replicate autonomously and without any control, thus causing the development of a tumor mass. The treatment of cervical cancer and its prognosis depends up on the early signs of cervical cancer, symptoms of cervical cancer, and cervical cancer staging. Early detection promises a better outcome and survival rate.

Cervical Cancer Symptoms

Early stage of cervical cancer may be without any evident signs or symptoms. For that reason, doctors advocate regular screenings so as to make an early detection. With a progression of the disease, symptoms become perceptible:

• After sexual intercourse there will be bleeding from the vagina, there may also be bleeding in between two menstrual periods or after the onset of menopause

• Discharge from the vagina is frequently seen

• Pain during intercourse • Occasional dull pain in the pelvis

Cause of Cervical Cancer

• HPV infection: Human Papilloma Virus has a major role to play in the development of cancer of the cervix.

• Premature sexual activity: having intercourse before 18 years raises one’s risk of HPV infection.

• Multiple sexual partners: is the principal cause for Human Papilloma Virus infection.

• Sexually transmitted diseases: like gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis or HIV raise the danger of contracting HPV infection.

• An impaired immune mechanism: statistics state that a good number of women who have HPV infection do not develop cancer of the cervix. Whilst, those who have HPV infection and a weak immune system are more prone to cervical cancer.

• Smoking: is a big contributing factor. The exact mechanism that links the occurrence of cervical cancer and smoking is as yet unknown, but smoking definitely increases one’s chance of malignancy.

Treatment for Cervical Cancer

Effective management of cancer of the cervix depends up the cervical cancer stages, when the diagnosis is made and the extent of metastasis. Age and general health also play a prominent role. By and large, treatment comprises of surgical intervention, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

Surgical Intervention

Hysterectomy is carried out to excise the uterus and surrounding structures. A simple hysterectomy gets rid of the tumor mass, the cervix and the uterus. A radical hysterectomy gets rid of the uterus, cervix, a segment of the vaginal canal and the adjacent lymph nodes. Depending on the degree of spread the surgeon will decide the course of action.


Radiotherapy employs high power X ray beams to wipe out malignant cells. Radiation therapy may be teletherapy, i.e. external radiation or may be brachytherapy, i.e. administered by placing radioactive material near the cervix.


The doctor will administer chemotherapy drugs to obliterate the cancer cells. It may be given intravenously or orally. The drugs travel through the body and exterminate the cancerous cells.

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Comments (1)

Excellent write-up on a very important topic.  Thanks for sharing your knowledge here